Beer making is a complex process that involves several steps which need to be carefully thought out. Here are a few basic ideas that can enable you to begin on your beer making experience.
The initial step in brewing is called malting. Malting involves steeping grain in water for many days until the grain starts to germinate or sprout. During germination, enzymes inside the grain are converted into a sort of sugar called maltose. At this stage in the beer making, the grain becomes what is known as malt.
After a few days, once the vast majority of the starch has been converted into sugar, the malt is dried and warmed. This practice of the beer called kilning, stops the malt from germinating any farther. Some of the malt might be farther roasted to varying depths of flavour and colour to create unique styles of beer.
After kilning, the dried malt is processed at a mill, which cracks the husks. The cracked malt is moved into a container called a mash tun, and hot water is added. The malt steeps from the liquid, usually for one or two hours. This process of beer making, known as mashing, breaks down the complex sugars in the grain and releases them from the water, making a sweet liquid called wort.
At the next step of beer making, known as brewing, the wort is transferred to a large brew pot and boiled for up to two hours. During this phase of the brewing process, hops are added to the wort to supply a spicy flavour and bitterness that balances the sweetness of the wort.
After brewing, the wort is cooled and then strained to remove the jump leaves and other residue. The beer-making brewer transfers the wort into a container where it can ferment. The first fermentation lasts from a few days to 2 weeks. After the yeast has consumed the majority of the fermentable sugar, the wort becomes beer.
Beer making is getting a excellent pastime for a lot of people over the last few decades. With the proper instruction and a little practice, your beer making can become a fun hobby that produces something fantastic to drink for you and your friends.