In the case of Cerebral Palsy there is no one cause of this severe illness. There are many things that may increase the chance of this condition but won’t cause cerebral palsy all the time. In the majority of cases and average of seventy percent, it results from brain injury before the child is even born this is known as congenital cerebral palsy this would be present from birth but may take months even years to diagnose depending on how severe it illness is. There’s also a chance of acquired cerebral palsy which could happen through there being a case of meningitis or brain injuries.
Below are a few factors that can increase the chances of cerebral palsy. None of the above will definitely lead to cerebral palsy. Before arrival: Prematurely, long difficult labor, lack of oxygen to the child, Bacterial infection of the mother during birth, low birth weight, acute jaundice, viral, diseases in early pregnancy, attack of the child’s central nervous system, lack of oxygen / nutrients from the placenta into the fetus and incompatible blood types between the mother and child. After arrival: Viral encephalitis, brain tumors, head injuries and Meningitis
Cerebral palsy is broken down into three main types: Ataxic cp, Athetoid cp, Spastic cp.
Ataxic CP – this is the rarest of the three and happens when the cerebellum has been damaged this part of the brain controls balance. It’ll be difficult fop the kid to coordinate their movements and they’ll have issues below with balancing.
Along with the 3 kinds of cp some kids will have a combination of them all.
Athetiod CP – This kind of cp occurs when the basal ganglion has been damaged and as a result causes involuntary, uncoordinated and uncontrolled movements of the muscles. This causing uncontrolled and jerky movements as well as twisting of the fingers and wrists may affect all of limbs. When walking, it is going to often cause the kid to grapple with poor coordination.
Spastic CP – This type of CP is the most common of the three it happens when there has been damage to the cortex, that’s the part of the brain controlling thought movement and sensation.
Causes mainly tightness of the muscles, in both arms and legs of the inflicted. The arms will tend to be flat against the side of the body with the hands bent up against the forearm. Based on the damage that the legs will be greatly effected or just slightly it may be only somewhat obvious that there’s a problem once the child walks or in worse cases both legs are affected and they’ll be crossed with the feet pointing. If the muscles are not exercised often enough this can cause the child to become wheelchair bound.